The Ironwood tree grows mainly in the Tsitsikamma forests around Knysna. With a Janka hardness of over 13000N, it can be a difficult timber to work, but it is very durable and extremely strong. It can be prone to cracking and splitting and pre-drilling is recommended when nailing or screwing. The variegated colour resembles Wild Olive (it comes from the same genus) somewhat and provides for stunning finished pieces.
Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Common uses: Veneer, plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items.
Comments: One of our prime indigenous timbers. Hard to source in big sizes and without defect. Superb wood for making chairs due to its strength. Its variegated grain and colouring lends itself to turnery and items like knife handles.