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Spruce – Englemann

Picea engelmannii
Also known as |
Engelmann Spruce|Mountain Spruce|Silver Spruce|White Spruce

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Spruce - Englemann Lumber @ Rarewoods SA

Engelmann Spruce is typically a high-altitude mountain evergreen tree, indigenous to the mountainous regions of western North America, with scattered, isolated distribution in surrounding lower-level areas. The wood is prized among many acoustic guitar luthiers, for its superior resonance and tonal response qualities when used as a soundboard (acoustic guitar top). Its color can range from a light off-white to cream.

It is straight grained and has a fine, consistent texture, which makes it generally easy to work — although common-grade pieces may contain numerous small knots, and the wood can be difficult to stain. Its excellent stiffness-to-weight ratio has made it historically useful in a variety of construction and utility applications, benefited, also, by a virtually limitless domestic supply.

Not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being “a species of least concern.”

Why We Love This Wood

Although Engelmann Spruce is a fairly cheap, easily accessible lumber, clear instrument-grade, quartersawn billets can be very pricey -- as small knots are quite common in the species, and such coveted clear pieces typically are derived from undisturbed specimens grown at higher altitudes.

While Sitka Spruce remains a more heavily utilized wood for such acoustic guitar soundboard applications (being slightly stronger and heavier than Engelmann), there are a number of discriminating guitar builders who covet Engelmann. (By comparison, Sitka Spruce trees are far more massive in stature.) Due to this unique demand, premium-grade billets can command prices comparable with any of the most expensive domestic wood species.

    Quick Look

    Spruce - Englemann Lumber @ Rarewoods SA
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    Vital Statistics

    Main Color GroupYellow / White
    Grain Pattern Even
    Avg Dry Weight - LB/FT324
    Avg Dry Weight - KG/M3385
    Janka Hardness - LBF390
    Janka Hardness - N1740

    A Popular Choice in

    PRICING

    Browse all available species online below.
    Custom orders are also welcome. See pricelist for indicative pricing.
    For a more detailed quote, click enquire and be sure to include as much information as possible (I.e. grade, thickness, length, width, volume etc.)

    Other Species

    Chestnut - European

    Durable and relatively affordable, European Chestnut is a popular cladding species in Europe.  With looks similar to Oak and Ash, we are sure you will love the appearance of Sweet Chestnut.  Grain can be interlocked, but Chestnut is still relatively easy to work.  It can split relatively easily, so pre-drilling is essential.

    This is a new species for us here at Rare Woods and a first for South Africa.  We are delighted with what arrived and can’t wait to get it into some of your projects.

    Detail
    Common Uses
    chestnut-european
    Birch Plywood

    Available in a range of thicknesses and grades, Birch Plywood is a wonderful, high-end board product used in the production of cabinets, furniture and more. With a consistent layer thicknesses, a thick veneer face and all voids patched, Birch Plywood is visually appealing on face grain and end grain, structurally sound and stable in use (indoor application only).

    Our Birch Plywood comes from Eastern Europe and we stock both S/BB and BB/BB grades with thicknesses ranging from 6.5mm to 21mm in standard sheet dimensions of 2.45mx1.22m

    Grade Summary:
    S/BB:  Better face  clear – may have occasional patch.  Second face is BB grade.

    BB/BB: both faces are grade BB.  Can be up to 29 patches, a side, but typically 3-6 patches a side.

     

    Common Uses:
    boxes, cabinetry, carpentry, construction
    Detail
    Common Uses
    birch-plywood
    Longhi

    Longhi is an African wood with similar working properties to its more well-known cousin, Anegre. Its color varies from a greyish-white to beige to pinkish-brown color, which slightly darkens with age and UV-ray exposure. Its generally light appearance makes sapwood difficult to distinguish. Its grains are typical straight (though occasionally interlocked) and its texture ranges between fine and medium-fine. It can sometimes possess mottled or subtle tiger-striped figuring.

    The wood must be carefully dried, as it is susceptible to fungus. It is considered to be moderately durable, and moderately stable. Longhi has a solid strength-to-weight ratio, which makes it a popular choice for flooring and decking.

    Common Uses:
    cabinetry, decking, flooring, furniture
    Detail
    Common Uses
    longhi
    Birch - Flame Roasted

    “Roasting” Flame Birch involves gradually heating the wood up to temperatures of greater than 160 degrees celcius in special heat chambers made of stainless steel under anoxic conditions. The heat removes organic compounds from the wood cells, changing both the physical and chemical make-up of the wood. The process is natural and chemical free. It darkens the wood to a beautiful rich chocolatey brown color whilst still showing the gorgeous grain and figure of the underlying wood.

    The thermally modified wood is more dimensionally stable, but the process does reduce bending strength and make the wood a little more brittle. This makes it chip a little easier than the un-modified lumber. The brittleness makes it less suitable for intricate cabinetry, but it is still an excellent choice for less intricate items such as floors, tops, panels, cladding etc.

    Extra care needs to be taken when finishing thermally modified wood, as the “bone dry” wood has a tendency to “suck in” much of what is given to it. Our in-house woodworking specialist has had excellent results with Osmo PolyX. He suggests a thicker finish will work better.

    Common Uses:
    flooring, interior panelling
    Detail
    Common Uses
    birch-flame-roasted
    MELUNAK

    This Malaysian species is a medium weight timber suitable for light structural purposes. It is a popular joinery timber and it machines easily and finishes well.

    Common Uses:
    furniture, joinery
    Detail
    Common Uses
    melunak
    Anegre

    Indigenous to the tropical regions of East Africa and West Africa, as far south as Angola.¬† Anegre has been used primarily as an interior wood; it is decidedly non-durable, and thus not recommended for outdoor applications. The wood’s aesthetics can vary greatly, as Anegre is comprised of three separate species within the Pouteria genus. Its colors can range from pale yellowish to orangish-brown wood, to a pale pinkish-brown, sometimes with additional highlight coloration. Anegre typically darkens to a golden-to reddish brown over time, with repeated UV ray exposure. The heartwood and sapwood of Anegre are usually not distinguishable from each other.

    Anegre has a medium texture with closed pores similar to Maple.  The species is easy to work with both hand and power tools.
    Examples can be quite beautiful — and sometimes stunning, with curly and mottled figuring being not uncommon. Its hues tend to be generally pastel in nature, so it makes a very complimentary, aesthetically unimposing wood for a variety of interior applications. Grains are typically straight but can occasionally be interlocked. Its texture is medium and it has a nice natural luster.

    Common Uses:
    boatbuilding, cabinetry, carpentry, construction, veneer
    Detail
    Common Uses
    anegre
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      Volume Primer

      Our bulk packs are sold in units of volume. (1 pack = 0.1m3).
      Depending on thickness and length you select, you will get a different effective total width. Depending on the widths we select, you will also get a different number of pcs.

      For example, 0.1m3 of 2.45m lengths will get you the following +- TOTAL WIDTH and +- PCS (assuming an average piece width of 140mm) for each thickness:

      M3LENGTHTHICKNESSTOTAL WIDTH+- PCS
      0.12.4526mm1570mm9-12
      0.12.4538mm1075mm6-9
      0.12.4550mm816mm4-7

      Pricing Enquiry

      Quote Request - Species